Can-Cannot-Can't اﻻستخدام الصحيح لـ


Can - Cannot - Can't

مراجعة لقواعد اللغة اﻻنجليزية

English Grammar












 Can 
يستطيع، يقدر، يمكن

مثال للايجاب: 
I can drive.  أستطيع القيادة.

مثال للنفي:
 I cannot drive. أستطيع القيادة.



استفسار متكرر عند متعلمي اللغه اﻻنجليزية عن الكتابة الصحيحة لنفي الفعل، اﻻشكال التالية لكتابة النفي كلها مقبولة باختﻻف بسيط وهو أن cannot تستخدم على نطاق واسع بالرغم من أن بعض برامج تصحيح القواعد تعتبرها غير صحيحة الا انها صحيحة ومضافة في القواميس بهذه التركيبة
لو رجعنا الى قاموس اوكسفورد oxford dictionary (ارتباط خارجي) نجده يقول:


"Both the one-word form cannot and the two-word form can not are acceptable, but cannot is more common (in the Oxford English Corpus, three times as common)."

 وايضا في قاموس اخطاء شائعة في استخدام الانجليزية common errors in English usage



 للاستخدم الرسمي نستخدم التالي 
These two spellings are largely interchangeable.
can not = formal.
cannot = formal but more common.



can't = informal. استخدام غير الرسمي
“Can’t” is usually acceptable in all forms of informal writing.

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HOMONYMS 2 تشابه النطق واختﻻف المعنى


English words that sound the same but are spelled differently and have different meanings.


ad اعﻻن
an advertisement.
add اضافة
put together, join


affectالمؤثر /effectاﻻثر



ail مشكلة او معضلة
trouble or afflict (someone) in mind or body.

ale نوع من البيرة فيها نسبة كبيرة من الكحول





a type of beer with a bitter flavor and higher alcoholic content.
 

aisle الممر اللي بين الصفوف في المسرح او المدرج
a passage between rows of seats in a building such as a church or theater, an airplane, or a train.

I'll سوف/س
I'll sleep. سانام

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stairs-stares and way-weigh





  HOMONYMS


Words that sound the same but are spelled differently
and have different meanings.

 كلمات تتشابه في النطق وتختلف في المعنى والكتابة


Stairs درج 
 a set of steps leading from one floor of a building to another.

Stares يحدق
 look fixedly or vacantly at someone or something with one's eyes wide open.




way طريق، اسلوب

  1. a road, track, path, or street for traveling along.
  2. a method


weigh وزن
to find how heavy (someone or something) is : to measure the weight of (someone or something).

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ret·ro·grade معنى كلمة



retrograde: adjective
ret·ro·grade·ly adverb
 تراجعي، انتكاسي، تخلفي

الرجوع لحالة سابقة اسوأ كالجاهلية
returning to an earlier and usually worse state


ret·ro·grade معنى


أمثلة
Retrograde back into a religious stage.

A retrograde policy
Socially retrograde
A Retrograde Order
Retrograde movement
Retrograde modification
Retrograde direction



Edward Gibbon: All that is human must retrograde if it does not advance.


Synonyms معاني مرادفة
rearward, backward

Antonyms معاني متضاادة
contemporary, current, modern, up-to-date


More retrograde sentence examples http://sentence.yourdictionary.com/retrograde
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like, Would like + infinitive


would like = want

The verb "would like" requires an object, a gerund, or an infinitive after it:

Would like + infinitive

would + Subject + like السؤال

What would you like? "What do you want?"
What would you like to do some day?


Would like + infinitive الجواب 

تستخدم للتعبير عن الرغبات

I would like to become a doctor.

تستخدم لعرض شيء على شخص 

to offer things


- "Would you like some coffee?" "Yes, please." 
هل تريد بعض القهوة؟

- "Would you like a cigarette?" "No, thank you. I don't smoke." 
- "What would you like, tea or coffee?" "Tea, please."



تستخدم ايضا لدعوة شخص 


 to invite someone:


- "Would you like to have dinner with me on Sunday?" "Yes, I'd love to. (= I would love to have dinner with you.)" 
- Where would you like to go this evening?   اين تريد الذهاب هذا المساء؟
  









These questions are made with "would like."
What would you like to do today?
Would he like to improve his English?
What would you like to do some day?

What time would you like to leave?


Here are some examples:

"I would like to answer that question."
"I would like to explain myself."
"I would like to practice."
"I would like to become a doctor."
"I would like to thank you."
"I would like to learn about animals."
"I would like to meet the President.“

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Subject Verb Agreement توافق الفاعل مع الفعل

Subject and verb must AGREE with one another in terms of singular or plural.
الفاعل لا بد ان يتفق مع الفعل من حيث كونه مفرد او جمع

كما هو موضح في الصورة التالية:


Subject Verb Agreement



.He is eating 
We are playing.


SingularEither Singular
or Plural
Plural
everyone/everybody
كل شخص
any
أي
both
كلا/كلتا
anyone/anybody
أي شخص
all
كل
many
كثير
someone/somebody
شخص ما
some
بعض
few
قليل
no one/nobody
لا أحد
most
معظم
several
متعدد
each/much/one
واحد/كثير/كل
more
أكثر
either/neither
كل من/ لا 
none
لا شيء/أحد


  • Singular indefinite pronoun subjects take singular verbs. 
ضمائرالمفرد الغير محددة يستخدم معها افعال مفردة كما في زمن المضارع البسيط
She is neither tall nor short. 

هي ليست طويلة ولا قصيرة.

Nobody is here.
Everyone is coming tonight.

  • Plural indefinite pronoun subjects take plural verbs.

ضمائر الجمع الغير محددة يستخدم معها افعال تدل على الجمع كما في زمن المضارع البسيط


  • Some indefinite pronouns may be either singular or plural: with uncountable, use singular; with countable, use plural.

  •   Sugar is uncountable; therefore, the sentence has a singular verb.

There is some water on the floor.

  •  Cars are countable; therefore, the sentence has a plural verb.

There are some cars here.




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VIRTUES &VICES: Battle for the Soul


Battle for the Soul

From the dawn of time it all began.
Battles waged because of we.
The spirits fight for the souls of man.
A war is raging, don't you see.

Enemy of Truth, full of pride,
Lies to man and steals his soul.
The angel of darkness has denied,
The fall of Truth is his goal.

Never ceasing he prowls about,
Looking for souls to steal.
Using tools full of doubt
To further the worlds appeal.

Deceiving many, none to young.
He searches day and night.
Deceit and lies from his tongue,
Our soul is his delight.

The forces battle, the fight goes on,
For the souls of man.
Hope is near before the dawn,
Truth is the battle plan.

Forces deployed, the Light shines bright
For all the souls to see.
On our behalf, the Truth does fight
That all men may go free.

The war is raging; lines are drawn
We all must choose a side.
Black and White, all are pawns
None can run and hide.

The Spirit of Light shines above
On all that will believe.
Grace and mercy with His love,
A gift we must receive.

C. Dakota

A list of the seven heavenly virtues - to oppose the seven deadly sins

الخطايا السبعة والفضائل المضادة لها 

Vices الخطايا
Virtues  الفضائل
Pride  الكبرياء والغرور
Humility  التواضع
Greed  الجشع  
Liberality, mercy الاحسان والسخاء
Lust  الشهوة
Chastity العفه  
Anger, Wrath الغضب والحنق   
Patience, meekness الصبر والحلم
Gluttony الشره
Temperance القناعة
Envy الحسد
Kindness الكرم واللطف
Sloth الكسل
Diligence الاجتهاد  والشجاعة

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